mayapple and hallucinations
   The mayapple is also known as American mandrake. Both names refer to Podophyllum peltatum, a plant indigenous to North America. Somewhat confusingly, the mayapple is also referred to as mandrake, a name traditionally reserved for the plant Mandragora officinarum. Although the literature on hallucinogenic substances contains myriad references to the mayapple, the plant contains no known psychoactive substances. As the German anthropologist and ethnopharmacolo-gist Christian Rätsch (b. 1957) comments, "This example provides a clear illustration of the ways in which the psychological patterns that arise when a medicine is administered can be influenced and shaped by a person's culture."
   References
   Rätsch, Chr. (2005). The encyclopedia of psy-choactive plants. Ethnopharmacology and its applications. Translated by Baker, J.R. Rochester, VT: Park Street Press.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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