- Also known as microstereognosis. Both terms stem from the Greek adjective mikros (small), and the medical term stereognosis (from the Greek words stereos (solid, tight, compact) and gnosis (insight)), meaning the ability to identify solid objects through the tactile sensation. The term microstereognosia was introduced in or shortly before 1945 by the Jewish neurologist Lipman Halpern to denote a tactile *illusion in which an object (held in the palm of one's hand, for example) appears to be significantly smaller than it is. The term is used in opposition to *macrostereognosia. Pathophysiologi-cally, both conditions are associated primarily with thalamic dysfunction, and with mild parietal sensory impairment. Conceptually, microstereognosia may be seen as the tactile equivalent of *micropsia (i.e. seeing things as smaller than they are). The two conditions have also been known to occur in conjunction with one another.ReferencesCritchley, M. (1953). The parietal lobes. London: Edward Arnold & Co.Halpern, L. (1945). Macrostereognosia. An unusual phenomenon in a case of thalamic syndrome. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 102, 260-264.Halpern, L. (1959). Simultaneous visual and tactile illusions of size. Confinia Neurologica, 19, 301-306.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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macrostereognosia — Also known as macrostereognosis. Both terms stem from the Greek adjective makros (large) and the medical term stereognosis (from the Greek words stereos (solid, tight, compact) and gnosis (insight)), meaning the ability to identify solid… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
micropsia — Also known as micropsy, microptic vision, Lilliput sight, Lilliput vision, and lilliputianism, after the fictitious country featuring in the novel Gulliver s Travels by the Irish poet and author Jonathan Swift (1667 1745). The term micropsia… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
microstereognosis — see microstereognosia … Dictionary of Hallucinations