Aretaeus of Cappadocia
(c. 150 AD)
   A classical physician of the pneumatic school who has been credited with making an early conceptual distinction between " illusions and hallucinations. Thus Aretaeus's work would seem to have foreshadowed the distinction between illusions and hallucinations that was made in 1832 by the French alienist Jean-Etienne Dominique Esquirol (1772-1840). Aretaeus has also been credited with providing the first description of the "rainbow spectrum, an extremely rare " bilateral spectrum occurring in the context of " migraine aura.
   References
   Aretaei Cappadocis (1603). Iatrika graece et latine conjunctim. Edited by Henischio, G. Augustae Vindelicorum.
   Mourgue, R. (1932). Neurobiologie de l'hallucination. Essai sur une variété particulière de désintégration de la fonction. Bruxelles: Maurice Lamertin.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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