Napoleon Bonaparte
(1769-1821)
   The famous French First Consul, and later Emperor of France, who may have experienced a * visual hallucination consisting of a shining star. As recounted by the French alienist Alexandre Jacques François Brierre de Boismont (1797-1881), Napoleon at one point cried out to one of his division generals, Count Jean Rapp (1771-1821), who failed to see the star pointed out to him, "What!...you do not see it? It is my star, it is before you, brilliant... it has never abandoned me, I see it on all great occasions, it commands me to go forward, and it is a constant sign of good fortune to me." Whether this anecdote may serve as testimony of a certain prone-ness to hallucinations on Napoleon's part is naturally open to debate.
   References
   Brierre de Boismont, A. (1859). On hallucinations. A history and explanation of apparitions, visions, dreams, ecstasy, magnetism, and somnambulism. Translated by Hulme, R.T. London: Henry Renshaw.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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