- phantom pain
- The term phantom pain is indebted to the Greek noun phantasma, which means ghost or spectre. It is used to denote a pain perceived in a body part (such as a limb, tooth, or ear) that is either absent or anaesthetic. Phantom pain is a conceptual and phenomenological variant of the * phantom limb illusion, the latter being characterized by the perceived presence of a limb that is actually absent. Phantom pain may be classified as a variant of referred pain. It may also be classified as a variant of the "hallucinated pain syndrome. The issue whether pain can be experienced in a hallucinated form is a knotty philosophical issue; for a further discussion of this issue, see the entry Hallucinated pain syndrome. Research by the American neuroscientist Vilayanur S. Ramachandran (b. 1951) is indicative of the involvement of cortical reorganization in the mediation of phantom pain. It has been suggested that phantom pain may be related in a conceptual as well as a phenomenological sense (and perhaps also in a pathophysiological sense) with other mnestic events such as "flashbacks in post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), drug-related "flashbacks, * hallucinogen-induced persistent perception disorder (HPPD), *palinopsia, *reperceptive hallucinations, *eidetic imagery, and * flashbulb memories. In 1934 the term *algohallucinosis was introduced by the Belgian neuropathologist Ludo van Bogaert (1897-1989) as a generic termfor the notions ofphantompain and phantom limb.ReferencesRamachandran, V.S., Blakeslee, S. (1998). Phantoms in the brain: Probing the mysteries ofthe human mind. New York, NY: Quill.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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Phantom pain — sensations are described as perceptions that an individual experiences relating to a limb or an organ that is not physically part of the body. Limb loss is a result of either removal by amputation or congenital limb deficiency (Glummarra et al,… … Wikipedia
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phantom pain — noun A sensation of pain in a phantom limb • • • Main Entry: ↑phantom … Useful english dictionary
phantom pain — phantom limb pain pain felt as though arising in an absent (amputated) limb; see phantom limb, under limb … Medical dictionary
phantom pain — noun see phantom limb … New Collegiate Dictionary
phantom pain — noun A sensation of pain coming from a part of the body that has been amputated, or in which the nerves have been destroyed … Wiktionary
phantom limb — n an often painful sensation of the presence of a limb that has been amputated called also phantom pain, phantom sensations * * * the sensation that an arm or leg, or part of an arm or leg, is still attached to the body after it has been… … Medical dictionary
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