psychotomimetic
   Also known as psychotic, hallucinogen, hallucinogenic drug, hallucinogenic substance, magicum, pseudohallucinogen, illusinogen, mysticomimetic, phanerothyme, phantasticum, eideticum, psychedelic, psychedelic drug, and psychedelic substance. The term psy-chotomimetic is indebted to the medical Latin term "psychosis, which in turn stems from the Greek noun psuchosis (the giving of life, the process of animating, breathing life into), and to mimesis (the mimicking). It translates loosely as 'imitator of psychosis'. The term psy-chotomimetic was introduced in or shortly before 1957 by the British psychiatrist Humphry Fortes-cue Osmond (1917-2004). It is used more or less interchangeably with the other terms above to denote a group of chemical substances which -in relatively high doses - have the potential to alter consciousness and to evoke phenomena such as hallucinations, illusions, "sensory distortions, "delirium, loss of contact with reality, and sometimes coma and death. In 1979 the term " entheogen was proposed as an alternative for these terms, in an effort to reinstate the original spiritual connotations of substances like these in "mysticism and shamanism. A person intentionally employing psychotomimetics for the purpose of exploring the psyche may be called a "psychonaut. For a more detailed account of this group of substances, see the entry Hallucinogen.
   References
   Nichols, D.E. (2004). Hallucinogens. Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 101, 131-181.
   Osmond, H. (1957). A review of the clinical effects of psychotomimetic agents. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 66, 418434.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • psychotomimetic — [sī kät΄ō mī met′ik, sī kät΄ōmīmi met′ik, sī kät΄ōmimet′ik] adj. [< PSYCHOTIC + O + MIMETIC] designating or of certain drugs as LSD and mescaline, that produce hallucinations, symptoms of a psychotic state, and, sometimes, chromosomal breaks n …   English World dictionary

  • Psychotomimetic — A drug with psychotomimetic actions mimics the symptoms of psychosis, including delusions and/or hallucinations. Some drugs of the opioid class have psychotomimetic effects such as pentazocine and butorphanol. [Musacchio JM. The psychotomimetic… …   Wikipedia

  • psychotomimetic — 1. A drug or substance that produces psychologic and behavioral changes resembling those of psychosis; e.g., LSD. 2. Denoting such a drug or substance. SYN: psychosomimetic. [psychosis + G. mimetikos, imitative] * * * psy·choto·mi·met·ic sī .kät… …   Medical dictionary

  • psychotomimetic — adjective Etymology: psychotic + o + mimetic Date: 1956 of, relating to, involving, or inducing psychotic alteration of behavior and personality < psychotomimetic drugs > • psychotomimetic noun • psychotomimetically adverb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • psychotomimetic — 1. adjective That induces a temporary state of altered perception and symptoms similar to those of psychosis (such as hallucinations). 2. noun A psychotomimetic drug (such as LSD) …   Wiktionary

  • psychotomimetic — /suy kot oh meuh met ik, muy /, adj. (of a substance or drug) tending to produce symptoms like those of a psychosis; hallucinatory. Also, psychomimetic. [1955 60; PSYCHOT(IC) + O + MIMETIC] * * * …   Universalium

  • psychotomimetic — psy·choto·mimetic …   English syllables

  • psychotomimetic — psy•chot•o•mi•met•ic [[t]saɪˌkɒt oʊ məˈmɛt ɪk, maɪ [/t]] also psychomimetic adj. pha (of a substance or drug) tending to produce symptoms like those of a psychosis; hallucinatory • Etymology: 1955–60 …   From formal English to slang

  • psychotomimetic — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alexander Shulgin — This article is about the scientist. For the musician, see Alexander Shulgin (musician). Alexander Shulgin Born June 17, 1925 (1925 06 17) …   Wikipedia

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