- auditory pareidolia
- Also known as Rorschach audio and auditory peripheric hallucination. The term auditory pareidolia is indebted to the Greek words para (next to, in addition, beside) and eidos (image, appearance, looks). The eponym Rorschach audio refers to the Swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorschach (1884-1922), the inventor of the Rorschach inkblot test. Both terms are used to denote a * cognitive illusion consisting of intelligible and meaningful words discerned in a pattern of unintelligible words, random sounds, or white noise. Auditory pareidolia is classified as atypeof *pareidolia. The notion of pareidolia, at least as originally conceptualized by the Russian psychiatrist Victor Kandinsky (1849-1889), used to have an exclusive bearing on the visual modality. Today pareidolia tends to be attributed to * apophenia, i.e. an excess of perceptual or heuristic sensitivity leading to the discernment of patterns or connections in random or otherwise meaningless data. As a consequence, the term now encompasses cognitive illusions experienced in any of the sensory modalities. Auditory parei-dolia is believed to play an important part in * backward masking, as well as in the * electronic voice phenomenon (EVP).ReferencesKandinsky, V. (1885). Kritische und klinische Betrachtungen im Gebiete der Sinnestäuschungen. Erste und zweite Studie. Berlin: Friedländer und Sohn.Banks, J. (2001). Rorschach audio: Ghost voices and perceptual creativity. Leonardo Music Journal, 11, 77-83.Blom, J.D., Sommer, I.E.C. (2009). Auditory hallucinations. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology (in press).
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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pareidolia — Also known as pareidolic illusion, partial hallucination, and additional image perception (German: Nebenbildwahrnehmung). The term parei dolia comes from the Greek words para (beside, near, resembling, accessory to, beyond, apart from,… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Pareidolia — The term pareidolia (pronEng|pæraɪˈdoʊliə) describes a psychological phenomenon involving a vague and random stimulus (often an image or sound) being perceived as significant. Common examples include seeing images of animals or faces in clouds,… … Wikipedia
auditory peripherie hallucination — see auditory pareidolia … Dictionary of Hallucinations
verbal auditory hallucination — (VAH) Also known as auditory verbal hallucination, voice hallucination, phoneme, hallucinated speech, and voices . All five terms are used to denote a subclass of the group of *auditory hallucinations, the content of which is verbal in nature … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Electronic voice phenomenon — Electronic voice phenomena (EVP) are sections of static noise on the radio or electronic recording that some listeners believe sound like voices speaking words; paranormal investigators sometimes interpret these noises as the voices of ghosts or… … Wikipedia
backward masking and illusions — Backward masking is also known as backwards masking and backmasking. All three terms are used in the popular music industry to denote a recording technique in which an auditory message is encrypted by recording it in reverse order onto a track … Dictionary of Hallucinations
expectancy hypothesis of hallucinatory experience — A generic term for a group of explanatory models that attribute a major part in the mediation of hallucinations and illusions to a person s expectations and attentional modulation. As noted by the American psychiatrist Mardi Jon Horowitz (b.… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Schreber, Daniel Paul — (1842 1911) A German judge who was hospitalized three times and diagnosed variously with paranoia, dementia praecox, and schizophrenia. Schreber was rehabilitated after the first time he was discharged and reinstated as a judge, but had to be… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
indirect gedankenlautwerden — The term indirect Gedankenlautwerden is indebted to the German term Gedankenlautwerden,which translates as thought echo, thought echoing, thoughts out loud, or audible thinking. The term Gedankenlautwerden refers to a verbal auditory… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
Backmasking — (also known as backward masking) is a recording technique in which a sound or message is recorded backward on to a track that is meant to be played forward. Backmasking is a deliberate process, whereas a message found through phonetic reversal … Wikipedia