Schreber, Daniel Paul
(1842-1911)
   A German judge who was hospitalized three times and diagnosed variously with paranoia, dementia praecox, and " schizophrenia. Schreber was rehabilitated after the first time he was discharged and reinstated as a judge, but had to be readmitted twice, and finally died in the asylum. The accuracy of Schreber's diagnosis has been subject to much debate among historians of psychiatry, despite the fact that his symptoms were described with meticulous precision by his treating physicians, as well as in his autobiographical account Memoirs of my Nervous Illness.Apart from delusions, depression, agitation, euphoria, compulsive thinking, onomatomania, insomnia, hypochondriasis, and many other psychiatric and somatic symptoms, Schreber suffered from various types of hallucination. These included " visual hallucinations, " verbal and " nonverbal auditory hallucinations, "imperative hallucinations, " tactile hallucinations, " genital hallucinations, "somatic hallucinations, "olfactory hallucinations, "gustatory hallucinations, "lilliputian hallucinations, and " compound hallucinations. In addition, he suffered from " diplopia, " pareidolia, "auditory pareidolia, an "intermetamorphosis syndrome, various "déjà phenomena, and "body schema illusions. The import of Schreber's work for hallucinations research lies in the combination of a first-hand acquaintance with hallucinatory phenomena and an exceptional ability to verbalize and analyze them. This combination places him in a league with other hallucinating intellectuals, such as Victor Kandinsky (1849-1889), Christoph Friedrich Nicolai (1733-1811), John Thomas Perceval (1803-1876), Vaslav Nijinsky (1889-1950), Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893), Fjodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881), and Ludwig Staudenmaier (1865-1933).
   References
   Lothane, Z. (1992). In defense of Schreber: Soul murder and psychiatry. Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.
   Schreber, D.P. (1903). Denkwürdigkeiten eines Nervenkranken nebst Nachträgen und einem Anhang über die Frage: 'Unter welchen Voraussetzungen darfeine für geisteskrank erachtete Person gegen ihren erklärten Willen in einer Heilanstalt festgehalten werden?' Leipzig: Mutze.
   Stanley, W.J. (1986). Judge Schreber's nervous illness re-examined. Bulletin of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, 10, 236-238.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • Daniel Paul Schreber — Daniel Paul Schreber. Daniel Paul Schreber (25 July 1842 14 April 1911) was a German judge who suffered from what was then diagnosed as dementia praecox. He described his second mental illness (1893–1902), making also a brief reference to the… …   Wikipedia

  • Daniel Paul Schreber — (* 25. Juli 1842 in Leipzig; † 14. April 1911 ebenda) war ein deutscher Jurist und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Daniel Paul Schreber — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schreber. Daniel Paul Schreber, né le 25 juillet 1842 à Leipzig et décédé le 14 avril 1911 était un magistrat. Il est célèbre pour ses délires psychotiques, qu il raconte dans un ouvrage… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Schreber — Daniel Paul Schreber Daniel Paul Schreber (* 25. Juli 1842 in Leipzig; † 14. April 1911 ebenda) war ein deutscher Jurist und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Schreber — ist ein Familienname. Namensträger: Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739–1810), Mediziner und Naturforscher Daniel Gottlob Moritz Schreber (1808–1861), Neffe von Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber, Vater von Daniel Paul Schreber,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Schreber — is a surname, and may refer to:* Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber (1739–1810), German naturalist * Daniel Paul Schreber (1842–1911), German judge who suffered from schizophrenia * Daniel Gottlob Moritz Schreber (1808 1861), German physician,… …   Wikipedia

  • Schreber — puede hacer referencia a: Daniel Paul Schreber Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber Schrebera Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

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