specular hallucination
   The term specular hallucination is indebted to the Latin noun speglum, which means mirror. It was introduced in or shortly before 1891 by the French physician and mesmerist Charles Féré (1852-1907) to denote an *autoscopic hallucination depicting the affected individual's exact mirror image, including his or her movements and gestures. As Féré wrote, "It has been proved that the hallucination can consist of an exact animated reproduction like one sees in a mirror; therefore, the name specular hallucination [hallucination spéculaire] is the one that strikes me as the most appropriate." Specular hallucinations are sometimes classified as * reduplicative hallucinations.
   References
   Brugger, P., Regard, M., Landis, Th. (1997). Illusory reduplication of one's own body: Phenomenology and classification of auto-scopic phenomena. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2, 19-38.
   Féré, Ch. (1891). Note sur les hallucinations autoscopiques ou spéculaires et sur les hallucinations altruistes. Comptes Rendues Heb-domedaires des Séances et Mémoirs de la Société de la Biologie, 3, 451-453.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • specular autoscopy —    Also known as specular hallucination. The term specular autoscopy is indebted to the Latin noun speglum (mirror) and the Greek words autos (self) and skopeo (I am looking at). It was introduced in or shortly before 1903 by the French physician …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • autoscopic hallucination —    Also referred to as external autoscopic hallucination, specular hallucination, mirror hallucination, deuteroscopic hallucination, and visual phantom double. The expression autoscopic hallucination can be traced to the Greek words autos (self)… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • reduplicative hallucination —    The term reduplicative hallucination is indebted to the Latin noun reduplicare, which means to double. It is used as an umbrella term for hallucinations depicting a mirror image or reduplication of oneself, as is the case in autoscopy,… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • autoscopy —    The term autoscopy comes from the Greek words autos (self) and skopeô (I am looking at). It translates roughly as seeing oneself and is used to denote the act of perceiving a hallucinated mirror image of oneself, viewed from the position of… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • positive autoscopy —    The term positive autoscopy is indebted to the Greek words autos (self) and skopeo (I am looking at). It was introduced in or shortly before 1903 by the French physician and psychologist Paul Auguste Sollier (1861 1933). Sollier uses the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

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