Spinoza, Baruch
(1632-1677)
   Also known as Benedictus de Spinoza, Bento de Espinosa, and Bento d'Espinosa. An influential Dutch philosopher of Portuguese-Jewish descent. In a letter dating from 1664 to his friend Pieter Balling (d. 1669), Spinoza gave an eloquent description of a *hypnopompic hallucination he had experienced: "When one morning just at dawn I awoke from a very deep dream, the images which had come to me in the dream were present before my eyes as vividly as if they had been real things, in particular the image of a black, scabby Brazilian whom I had never seen before. This image disappeared for the most part when, to make a diversion, I fixed my gaze on a book or some other object; but as soon as I again turned my eyes away from such an object while gazing at nothing in particular, the same image of the Ethiopian kept appearing with the same vividness again and again until it gradually disappeared from sight."
   References
   Spinoza, B. (1995). The letters. Translated by Shirley, S. Indianapolis, IN: Hackett Publishing Company.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Spinoza, Baruch — (1632 77)    by Kenneth Surin   In the last few decades the writings of Louis Althusser, Etienne Balibar, Pierre Macherey, Antonio Negri, Deleuze and others, have marked a resurgence of interest in the thought of Baruch Spinoza, in which Spinoza… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Spinoza, Baruch — (1632 77)    by Kenneth Surin   In the last few decades the writings of Louis Althusser, Etienne Balibar, Pierre Macherey, Antonio Negri, Deleuze and others, have marked a resurgence of interest in the thought of Baruch Spinoza, in which Spinoza… …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Spinoza,Baruch — Spi·no·za (spĭ nōʹzə), Baruch or Benedict 1632 1677. Dutch philosopher and theologian whose controversial pantheistic doctrine advocated an intellectual love of God. His best known work is Ethics (1677). * * * …   Universalium

  • Spinoza, Baruch — (24 nov. 1632, Amsterdam–21 feb. 1677, La Haya). Filósofo judío holandés, uno de los máximos exponentes del racionalismo del s. XVII. Su padre y abuelo habían escapado de la persecución de la Inquisición en Portugal. Su temprano interés por las… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SPINOZA, BARUCH (Bento, Benedictus) DE — (1632–1677), philosopher born in Amsterdam of Portuguese background, who became one of the most important representatives of the rationalist movement in the early modern period. Introduction In the Jewish and National Library in Jerusalem,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Spinoza, Baruch (Benedict) De — (1632–77)    Dutch philosopher. Only the bare facts are known of the life of one of the greatest philosophers and intel lects of all time, for he deliberately omitted his personality from his work. His father and grandfather were Marranos who… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Spinoza, Baruch / Benedict — (1632 77)    Together with Descartes and Leibniz, Spinoza was one of the great rationalists of the early modern period. A grinder of lenses by profession, he was ethnically Jewish, but was expelled from his synagogue in Amsterdam for heresy (he… …   Christian Philosophy

  • SPINOZA, Baruch (Benedictus de) — (1632–1677)    Philosopher. Spinoza was the son of a wealthy Portuguese Jewish merchant in Amsterdam. In 1656, he was banned from the synagogue because of his unorthodox ideas. From 1660 until 1667, he lived in the village of Rijnsburg near… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Spinoza, Baruch de —  (1632–1677) Dutch philosopher …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • SPINOZA, Baruch (or Benedict) — (1632 1677)    Dutch materialist philosopher who was EXCOMMUNICATED for his free thought by the JEWISH community of Amsterdam. He believed that mastery over NATURE and the perfection of man was the purpose of knowledge. And considered DEMOCRATIC… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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