total anaesthesia
   Also known as generalized anaesthesia and systematized anaesthesia. All three terms are indebted to the Greek noun anaisthèsia,which means numbness. They are used to denote a generalized loss or impairment of sensitivity to stimuli in the somatosensory modality, the adjective 'generalized' referring here to the whole body. Individuals with total anaesthesia are typically insensitive to painful stimuli (i.e. analgesic) but also to tactile, thermal, and other stimuli capable of affecting the somatosensory modality. Total anaesthesia is associated primarily with " dissociative states following extreme stress, suggestion or hypnosis. It has also been described in association with " ecstasy, " trance, rapture, somnambulism, conversion, and " psychosis. Because of the apparent failure to register any external stimuli affecting the somatosensory modality, total anaesthesia has been designated as atypeof" negative hallucination (i.e. a failure to perceive an object or stimulus actually present within one's range of perception). The term total anaesthesia is used in opposition to the term localized anaesthesia. It should not be confused with "acenesthesia, which is characterized by a total loss of awareness of physical existence. Neither should it be confused with Cotard's syndrome, which is characterized by the delusional conviction (rather than the perceptual experience) that one's body has ceased to exist.
   References
   Braude, S.E. (2004). Memory: The nature and significance of dissociation.In: The philosophy of psychiatry. A companion. Edited by Radden, J. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Janet, P. (1911). L'état mental des hystériques. Deuxième édition. Paris: Félix Alcan.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • anaesthesia —    Also written as anesthesia. The term anaesthesia comes from the Greek noun anaisthèsia,which means numbness. In a broad sense, it refers to a loss or impairment of sensitivity to stimuli in any of the sensory modalities. As a rule, however,… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • anaesthesia — n. loss of feeling or sensation in a part or all of the body. Anaesthesia of a part of the body may occur as a result of injury to or disease of a nerve; for example in leprosy. The term is usually applied, however, to the technique of reducing… …   Medical dictionary

  • anaesthesia — n. loss of feeling or sensation in a part or all of the body. Anaesthesia of a part of the body may occur as a result of injury to or disease of a nerve; for example in leprosy. The term is usually applied, however, to the technique of reducing… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • generalized anaesthesia —    see total anaesthesia …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • systematized anaesthesia —    see total anaesthesia …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • General anaesthesia — In modern medical practice, general anaesthesia (AmE: anesthesia) is a state of total unconsciousness resulting from general anaesthetic drugs. A variety of drugs are given to the patient that have different effects with the overall aim of… …   Wikipedia

  • Spinal anaesthesia — Spinal analgesia, (or commonly called spinal anesthesia or sub arachnoid block (S.A.B.)) is a form of regional anaesthesia involving injection of a local anaesthetic into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), generally through a fine needle, usually 3.5 …   Wikipedia

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  • general anaesthesia — noun a state of total unconsciousness resulting from anesthetic drugs (as for a major surgical operation) • Syn: ↑general anesthesia • Hypernyms: ↑anesthesia, ↑anaesthesia • Hyponyms: ↑inhalation anesthesia, ↑twilight sleep …   Useful english dictionary

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