Van Gogh, Vincent Willem
(1853-1890)
   A Dutch post-impressionist painter who suffered from severe headaches, * nightmares, epileptic seizures, * tinnitus, hallucinations, and other * perceptual disturbances, who cut off his left ear lobe, and who shot himself in 1890. The hallucinations van Gogh experienced included *verbal and *nonverbal auditory hallucinations, *musical hallucinations, and * visual hallucinations. The etiology of these phenomena has been heavily debated. In the literature no less than 30 different diagnoses have been suggested, including * schizophrenia, neurosyphilis, bipolar disorder, borderline personality disorder, temporal lobe epilepsy, alcoholism, *absinthism, tuberculous meningoencephalitis, acute intermittent por-phyria, Meniere's disease, brain tumour, and sunstroke. The use of brilliant yellow tones in van Gogh's paintings has been interpreted as a reaction to episodic * xanthopsia (i.e. yellow vision), possibly caused by digitalis intoxication. The halos surrounding the stars in the painting The Starry Night have been interpreted as an indication that van Gogh may have experienced * halo vision.
   References
   Arnold, W.N. (1988). Vincent van Gogh and the thujone connection. Journal of the American Medical Association, 260, 3042-3044.
   Arnold, W.N. (1992). Vincent van Gogh: Chemicals, crises, and creativity. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Van Gogh, Vincent Willem — (1853 1890)    painter    Vincent Willem Van Gogh, one of the most famous of the impressionists and a precursor of fauvism and expressionism, was born in Groot zundert, Brabant, Holland. The son of a Calvinist pastor, he worked at the Goupil art… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Van Gogh, Vincent Willem — (3/30/1853 Groot Zundert 7/29/1890 Auvers sur Oise) (Netherlands / France)    Painter, lithographer, etcher, art dealer, and missionary. One of the most famous artists in the last few centuries. Working in a unique style, he became a major figure …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • GOGH, Vincent Willem van — (1853–1890)    Painter. In the 1880s, van Gogh worked in his native province of Northern Bra bant, and in Drenthe, and later in Paris and Arles, France. As a painter, van Gogh was fundamentally self taught. Very poor himself, he lived with the… …   Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands

  • Gogh, Vincent (Willem) van — born March 30, 1853, Zundert, Neth. died July 29, 1890, Auvers sur Oise, near Paris, France Dutch painter. At 16 he was apprenticed to art dealers in The Hague, and he worked in their London and Paris branches (1873–76). After brief attempts at… …   Universalium

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  • Van gogh — Vincent Van Gogh « Van Gogh » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Van Gogh (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Vincent van gogh — « Van Gogh » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Van Gogh (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

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