compound hallucination
   Also known as multimodal hallucination, polymodal hallucination, polysensual hallucination, polysensory hallucination, polysensorial hallucination, intersensorial hallucination, and fantastic hallucination. All these terms are used to denote a hallucination experienced in more than one sensory modality at a time. Some examples of compound hallucinations are the audiovisual hallucination, the * audioalgesic hallucination, and the * audiovisuoalgesic hallucination. When a compound hallucination replaces the total * sensory input, it is referred to as a *scenic or *panoramic hallucination. When it depicts one or more human beings, it is referred to as a *personification. In a study by the American psychiatrists Donald W. Goodwin (1932c-1999) et al. among 117 individuals with varying clinical diagnoses (i.e. affective disorder, acute and chronic *schizophrenia, alcoholism, organic brain syndrome or hysteria) compound hallucinations were found to be relatively rare, whereas the subsequent occurrence of hallucinations in two or more different sensory modalities was reported by three-quarters of the population under study. The simultaneous occurrence of these hallucinations was reported by 50% of the individuals with a clinical diagnosis of affective disorder or schizophrenia, but only as an infrequent experience. The term compound hallucination derives from a classification of hallucinations governed by the number of sensory modalities involved. It is used in opposition to the term * unimodal hallucination.
   References
   Critchley, M. (1939). Visual and auditory hallucinations. British Medical Journal, 2, 634-639.
   Goodwin, D.W., Alderson, P., Rosenthal, R. (1971). Clinical significance of hallucinations in psychiatric disorders. Archives of General Psychiatry, 24, 76-80.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • stable hallucination —    A term coined in or shortly before 1866 by the German psychiatrist Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum (1828 1899). Kahlbaum uses the term to denote a hallucination which displays a minimum of variation over time. He conceptualizes this type of hallucination …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • panoramic hallucination —    Also known as a scenic hallucination and holocampine hallucination. All three terms are used to denote a *compound hallucination in which the entire sensory input is replaced by hallucinatory percepts, thus giving rise to a totally different… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

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  • audioalgesic hallucination —    Also known as audioalgesic synaesthesia. Both terms are indebted to the Latin verb audire (to hear) and the Greek noun algos (pain). They were introduced in or shortly before 1979 by the American neurologists Daniel Enrique Jacome and Robert… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • audiovisuoalgesic hallucination —    Also known as audiovisuoalgesic synaesthesia. Both terms are indebted to the Latin words audire (to hear) and visio (sight) and to the Greek noun algos (pain). They were introduced in or shortly before 1979 by the American neurologists Daniel… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • fantastic hallucination —    see compound hallucination …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • intersensorial hallucination —    see compound hallucination …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

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