De Maupassant, Guy
   (1850-1893)
   A French writer - considered one of the fathers of the short story - who described various types of hallucination in his literary works. It is known that de Maupassant used "hallucinogens throughout his adult life, that he suffered from visual loss, migraine, and neurosyphilis (possibly complicated by stroke), and that he spent the last months of his life in a state of "delirium. It has been suggested that throughout his working life he drew on his own hallucinatory experiences for his fantastical stories. Careful analyses of his biography and literary works indicate that until the early 1880s de Maupassant experienced " hypnagogic hallucinations, " hypnopompic hallucinations, and " drug-induced hallucinations, while during his later years he also experienced "visual hallucinations, "autoscopic phenomena, and " metamorphopsias (including " prosopometamorphopsia and " macropsia). It has been suggested that the latter symptoms fulfilled the criteria of the "Alice in Wonderland syndrome. During the delirious state in which he spent the final months of his life, de Maupassant may also have experienced other types of hallucination. The import of his work for hallucinations research lies in the combination of a first-hand acquaintance with hallucinatory phenomena, and an exceptional talent for verbalizing and analyzing them. This combination places him in a league with other hallucinating intellectuals, such as Victor Kandinsky (1849-1889), Daniel Paul Schreber (1842-1911), John Thomas Perceval (1803-1876), Christoph Friedrich Nicolai (1733-1811), Vaslav Nijinsky (1889-1950), Fjodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881), and Ludwig Staudenmaier (1865-1933).
   References
   Alvaro, L.-C. (2005). Hallucinations and pathological visual perceptions in Maupassant's fantastical short stories - A neurological approach. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 14, 100-115.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Guy de Maupassant — Born 5 August 1850(1850 08 05) Died 6 July 1893(1893 07 06) (aged 42) Resting place …   Wikipedia

  • Guy de Maupassant — Henry René Albert Guy de Maupassant [gidəmopɑˈsã], (* 5. August 1850 auf Schloss Miromesnil[1] (Normandie); † 6. Juli 1893 in Passy bei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Guy de maupassant (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Guy de Maupassant est un écrivain français (1850 1893) Guy de Maupassant est un film français de Michel Drach (1982), consacré à l écrivain, avec Claude… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de Maupassant — (Fécamp, Francia, 5 de agosto de 1850 Passy, 6 de julio de 1893). Escritor francés, autor principalmente de novelas y cuentos …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Maupassant, Guy de — ▪ French writer Introduction in full  Henry René Albert Guy de Maupassant   born August 5, 1850, Château de Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France died July 6, 1893, Paris  French naturalist writer of short stories and novels who is by general… …   Universalium

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