De Maupassant, Guy


De Maupassant, Guy
   (1850-1893)
   A French writer - considered one of the fathers of the short story - who described various types of hallucination in his literary works. It is known that de Maupassant used "hallucinogens throughout his adult life, that he suffered from visual loss, migraine, and neurosyphilis (possibly complicated by stroke), and that he spent the last months of his life in a state of "delirium. It has been suggested that throughout his working life he drew on his own hallucinatory experiences for his fantastical stories. Careful analyses of his biography and literary works indicate that until the early 1880s de Maupassant experienced " hypnagogic hallucinations, " hypnopompic hallucinations, and " drug-induced hallucinations, while during his later years he also experienced "visual hallucinations, "autoscopic phenomena, and " metamorphopsias (including " prosopometamorphopsia and " macropsia). It has been suggested that the latter symptoms fulfilled the criteria of the "Alice in Wonderland syndrome. During the delirious state in which he spent the final months of his life, de Maupassant may also have experienced other types of hallucination. The import of his work for hallucinations research lies in the combination of a first-hand acquaintance with hallucinatory phenomena, and an exceptional talent for verbalizing and analyzing them. This combination places him in a league with other hallucinating intellectuals, such as Victor Kandinsky (1849-1889), Daniel Paul Schreber (1842-1911), John Thomas Perceval (1803-1876), Christoph Friedrich Nicolai (1733-1811), Vaslav Nijinsky (1889-1950), Fjodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881), and Ludwig Staudenmaier (1865-1933).
   References
   Alvaro, L.-C. (2005). Hallucinations and pathological visual perceptions in Maupassant's fantastical short stories - A neurological approach. Journal of the History of the Neurosciences, 14, 100-115.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maupassant, Guy de — ▪ French writer Introduction in full  Henry René Albert Guy de Maupassant   born August 5, 1850, Château de Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France died July 6, 1893, Paris  French naturalist writer of short stories and novels who is by general… …   Universalium

  • Maupassant, Guy de — (1850 1893)    writer    Considered one of the masters of the art of the short story, Guy de Maupassant was born in Château de Miromesnil, Seine Maritime. After a happy and carefree youth, interrupted by the franco prussian war, he took a job as… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Maupassant, Guy de — ► (1850 93)Novelista francés. Es un implacable retratista de la vida. En sus obras, escritas en un estilo objetivo, sencillo y vigoroso, late una ironía áspera y desdeñosa. Destacó en los cuentos y novelas cortas: Bola de sebo, incluido en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MAUPASSANT, GUY DE —    a clever French romancer, born at Fécamp; served in the Franco German War, and afterwards gave himself to letters, producing novels, stories, lyrics, and plays; died insane (1850 1893) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Guy De Maupassant — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy Maupassant — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de Valmont — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de maupassant — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maupassant — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de Maupassant — Born 5 August 1850(1850 08 05) Died 6 July 1893(1893 07 06) (aged 42) Resting place …   Wikipedia


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