demon
   The term Demon comes from the Greek noun daimon, which means spirit or god. It was introduced into the biomedical jargon during the early 1970s by the American psychopharmacologist Ronald K. Siegel to denote a visually hallucinated black gauzy curtain with a large human eye in the centre, surrounded by a symmetrical arrangement of smaller eyes. The term Demon, suggested to Siegel by a test person referred to as 'Jim', was inspired by a passage from The Pit and the Pendulum by the American author and poet Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) which runs as follows. "Demon eyes, of a wild and ghastly vivacity, glared upon me in a thousand directions where none had been visible before, and gleamed with the lurid lustre of a fire that I could not force my imagination to regard as unreal." Like the eyes described in Poe's "vision, the hallucinated eyeballs are described as "alive, leering". In Siegel's laboratory they were perceived by various test persons during " cannabis-induced visions, while a more or less similar phenomenon has been described in " hallucinogen-induced visions, and in individuals with a clinical diagnosis of " schizophrenia. Despite Siegel's efforts to fathom the neurophysiological correlate of the Demon (including a trip to a Mexican shaman said to be over a 100 years old) he was unable to find any explanation other than the possibility of a " reperceptive hallucination based on a slide with geometrically arranged eyes that had previously been shown to the test persons. It is unknown whether this mechanism also applies to other manifestations of the Demon phenomenon. The term is also used in religion, demonology, occultism, and parapsychology to denote a supernatural being that is not a deity, i.e. a fallen angel or evil spirit.
   References
   Melton, J.G., ed. (1996). Encyclopedia of occultism and parapsychology. Volume 1. Fourth edition. Detroit, MI: Gale.
   Siegel, R.K. (1992). Fire in the brain. Clinical tales ofhallucination. New York, NY: Dutton.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • démon — démon …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • démon — [ demɔ̃ ] n. m. • daemon 1546; demoygne XIIIe; lat. dæmonium; lat. ecclés. dæmon, gr. daimôn « génie protecteur, dieu » I ♦ 1 ♦ (XVIe) Myth. Être surnaturel, bon ou mauvais, inspirateur de la destinée d un homme, d une collectivité. ⇒ dieu,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • démon — DÉMON. sub. mas. Diable, malin Esprit. Le Démon lui a inspiré cela. Les ruses du Démon. [b]f♛/b] On dit figurém. et familièrement, d Une personne qui ne fait que tourmenter les autres, que C est un Démon, un vrai Démon, un Démonincarné. [b]f♛/b]… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • Demon — Démon Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Demon — (engl. für Dämon) ist: ein Hintergrundprozess auf Unix Systemen, siehe Daemon das Jagdflugzeug McDonnell F3H Demon eine britische Band, siehe Demon (Band) der Originaltitel der Oper Der Dämon eine Comicfigur, siehe The Demon der Name mehrerer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • demon — DEMON. s. m. Diable, malin esprit. Le demon luy a inspiré cela. tous les demons d enfer. les ruses du demon. On dit fig. d Une personne qui ne fait que tourmenter les autres, que C est un demon, un vray demon, un demon incarné. On dit, Faire le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • demon — DÉMON, demoni, s.m. 1. Diavol, drac. ♦ fig. Om rău. ♦ Fiinţă imaginară considerată ca spirit al răului. 2. (În scrierile romanticilor) Personificare a eroismului, a curajului, a răzvrătirii şi uneori a frumuseţii fizice. ♦ (În gândirea mitică şi… …   Dicționar Român

  • Demon — De mon, n. [F. d[ e]mon, L. daemon a spirit, an evil spirit, fr. Gr. dai mwn a divinity; of uncertain origin.] 1. (Gr. Antiq.) A spirit, or immaterial being, holding a middle place between men and deities in pagan mythology. [1913 Webster] The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • demon — [dē′mən] n. [ME < L: see DAEMON] 1. DAEMON (senses 1 & 2) 2. a devil; evil spirit 3. a person or thing regarded as evil, cruel, etc. [the demon of jealousy] 4. a) a person w …   English World dictionary

  • demon — c.1200, from L. daemon spirit, from Gk. daimon deity, divine power; lesser god; guiding spirit, tutelary deity (sometimes including souls of the dead); one s genius, lot, or fortune; from PIE *dai mon divider, provider (of fortunes or destinies) …   Etymology dictionary

  • demon — dèmōn m <G demóna> DEFINICIJA 1. mit. u antičko doba, bog, božica, božanstvo, posrednik između ljudi i viših bogova 2. dobar ili zao genij, za kojeg se smatra da je povezan sa sudbinom jednog čovjeka, grada, države i sl. [Sokratov demon] 3 …   Hrvatski jezični portal

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