Frégoli's phenomenon
   Also referred to as Frégoli's syndrome, Frégoli syndrome, and Frégoli's illusion. All four eponyms are used to denote a * misidentification syndrome characterized by the conviction that a certain individual can take on the physical features of other individuals, and that he or she may thus appear as a family member, a neighbour, a stranger in the street, a doctor, etc. The syndrome has been designated as resulting from a form of hyperidentification or over-personalization. The eponym Frégoli's phenomenon refers to the Italian actor Léopoldo Frégoli (1867-1936), who reportedly had an unusual talent for impersonating widely differing characters. It was introduced in 1927 by the French psychiatrists Paul Courbon (1879-1958) and G. Fail. The expression Frégoli syndrome for place is used to denote a condition in which the affected individual's current environment (such as a hospital) is misidentified as a different place (such as one's home or one's place of birth). In the older literature the latter condition is sometimes referred to as reduplicative paramnesia. Pathophysiologically, Frégoli's phenomenon is associated primarily with lesions affecting the right frontal lobe, although different locations have been reported as well. Conceptually as well as phenomenologically, Frégoli's phenomenon is related to the *intermetamorphosis syndrome, which is characterized by the conviction that particular individuals have been transformed -with respect to their physical appearance as well as their personality traits - into other people.
   References
   Courbon, P., Fail, G. (1927). Syndrome d'illusion de Frégoli et schizophrénie. Bulletin de la Société de Médecine Mentale, 15, 121-125.
   Ellis, H.D., Whitley, J., Luauté, J.-P. (1994). Delusional misidentification. The three original papers on the Capgras, Frégoli and intermeta-morphosis delusions. (Classic Text No. 17). History of Psychiatry, 5, 117-146.
   Feinberg, T.E., Deluca, J., Giacino, J.T., Roane, D.M., Solms, M. (2005). Right-hemisphere pathology and the self: Delusional misidenti-fication and reduplication. In: The lost self. Pathologies ofthe brain and identity. Edited by Feinberg, T.E., Keenan, J.P. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Frégoli's illusion —    see Frégoli s phenomenon …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Frégoli's syndrome —    see Frégoli s phenomenon …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Frégoli syndrome for place —    see Frégoli s phenomenon …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • intermetamorphosis syndrome —    The term intermetamorphosis syndrome is indebted to the Latin inter (between) and the Greek metamorphoun (to change one s shape). It is used to denote a subgroup of the misidentification syndrome which is characterized by the conviction that… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • misidentification syndrome —    Also known as delusional misidentification syndrome. Both terms are used as an umbrella term for a diverse group of conditions in which the affected individual consistently misidentifies a person, object, place, or event. The symptoms and… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • syndrome of subjective doubles —    Also referred to as syndrome of doubles of the self. Both terms were introduced in or shortly before 1978 by the Greek psychiatrist George N. Christodoulou to denote a subgroup of the *misidentification syndrome in which the affected… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Glossary of psychiatry — In this glossary of psychiatric terms, mostly Greek, secondly French and German and some English terms, as used in psychiatric literature, were defined. We have included many other terms with the passage of time and aim to broaden this article to …   Wikipedia

  • Disjunctive cognition — is a common phenomenon in dreams, first identified by psychoanalyst Mark Blechner [1], in which two aspects of cognition do not match each other. The dreamer is aware of the disjunction, yet that does not prevent it from remaining. The most… …   Wikipedia

  • Capgras delusion — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 32606 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D002194 The Capgras delusion (or Capgras syndrome) is a rare disorder in which a person holds a… …   Wikipedia

  • Capgras' syndrome —    Also known as Capgras syndrome, Capgras syndrome for persons, Capgras delusion, illusion des sosies, illusion of doubles, and illusion of false recognition. The eponym Capgras syndrome refers to the French psychiatrist Jean Marie Joseph… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”