hallucinosis
   A term coined in or shortly before 1900, possibly by the German neurologist Carl Wernicke (1848-1904), to denote a mental state or disorder in which hallucinations feature prominently. The term hallucinosis has been variously defined as
   1) a mental state characterized by continual hallucinations,
   2) an abnormal condition or mental state characterized by hallucinations,
   3) a psychiatric disorder involving hallucinations,
   4) a syndrome, usually of organic origin, characterized by more or less persistent hallucinations,
   5) a transient hallucinatory state accompanied by a clear sensorium and/or proper insight into its nature, and
   6) a delusional state triggered by hallucinations (as in * hallucinosis phantastica).
   The French psychiatrist Henri Ey (1900-1977) follows his compatriot Henri Charles Jules Claude (1869-1946) and the German psychiatrist Paul Schröder (1873-1941) in characterizing hallucinosis as a hallucination, the false nature of which is recognized by the affected individual. Aware of the multiple connotations of the term hallucinosis, Ey proposes that it be replaced by *hallucinotic eidolia (éidolie hallucinosique). Wernicke, however, uses the term hallucinosis to denote the clinical picture of *paranoia hal-lucinatoria, as well as in the context of notions such as * acute hallucinosis, *chronic hallucinosis, and chronic hallucinosis of alcoholics (i.e. *alcoholic hallucinosis). Some additional examples of * hallucinosic syndromes described in the literature are * algohallucinosis, * brainstem auditory hallucinosis, *chronic tactile hallucinosis, *cocaine hallucinosis, *crepuscular hallucinosis, *experiential hallucinosis, *experiential thalamic hallucinosis, * functional hallucinosis, *hallucinosis phantastica, *narcotic hallucinosis, *organic hallucinosis, * peduncular hallucinosis, *persistent hallucinosis, and *syphilitic hallucinosis.
   References
   American Psychiatric Association (1975). A psychiatric glossary. Fourth revised edition. New York, NY: Basic Books.
   Berrios, G.E. (1985). Hallucinosis.In:Neu-robehavioural disorders. Edited by Frederiks, J.A.M. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publications.
   Plaut, F. (1913). Über Halluzinosen der Syphilitiker. Berlin: Verlag von Julius Thieme.
   Targowla, R., Leyritz, J. (1923). Sur l'hallucinose. Annales Médico-psychologiques, 81, 258-265.
   Wernicke, C. (1900). Grundriss der Psychiatrie. Leipzig: Verlag von Georg Thieme.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hallucinosis — [hə lo͞o΄si nō′sis] n. [ModL < L hallucinatio + OSIS] a mental disorder characterized by hallucinations …   English World dictionary

  • hallucinosis — noun Etymology: New Latin Date: 1905 a pathological mental state characterized by hallucinations …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hallucinosis — /heuh looh seuh noh sis/, n. Psychiatry. a mental state characterized by repeated hallucinations. [1900 05; HALLUCIN(ATION) + OSIS] * * * …   Universalium

  • hallucinosis — noun A mental state of hallucination …   Wiktionary

  • hallucinosis — A syndrome, usually of organic origin, characterized by more or less persistent hallucinations e.g., alcoholic h.. organic h. the state of experiencing a false sensory perception in the absence of external stimulus observed in individual …   Medical dictionary

  • hallucinosis — n. illness which causes hallucinations …   English contemporary dictionary

  • hallucinosis — hal·lu·ci·no·sis …   English syllables

  • hallucinosis — hal•lu•ci•no•sis [[t]həˌlu səˈnoʊ sɪs[/t]] n. psi a mental state characterized by repeated hallucinations • Etymology: 1900–05 …   From formal English to slang

  • hallucinosis — /həlusəˈnoʊsəs/ (say huhloohsuh nohsuhs) noun a psychotic state characterised by hallucinations, typically toxic (especially alcoholic) in origin. {hallucin(ation) + osis} …   Australian English dictionary

  • hallucinosis — noun a mental state in which the person has continual hallucinations • Hypernyms: ↑psychological state, ↑psychological condition, ↑mental state, ↑mental condition …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”