hyperpathia
   The term hyperpathia comes from the Greek words huper (to exceed a certain boundary) and patheia (suffering, affliction, pain). It translates loosely as 'an exaggerated perception of pain'. The term is used to denote a condition characterized by an increased sensitivity to cutaneous stimuli such as a gentle touch, heat, or coldness, entailing a burning, painful sensation. Hyperpathia is usually classified as a type of " hyperaesthesia. Pathophysiologically, it is associated primarily with a lowered threshold for cutaneous sensory stimuli. As a consequence, hyper-pathia tends to affect the whole ofone side ofthe body, but generalized hyperpathia has also been described. Etiologically, it is associated primarily with thalamic lesions due to cerebral haemorrhage, thrombosis, or a neoplasm. The term hyperpathia is used in opposition to the terms " allodynia (which refers to a condition characterized by pain due to stimuli that do not normally evoke pain) and "hyperalgesia (which refers to a condition similar to hyperpathia, but affecting a smaller part of the skin, due to its peripheral origin). It should not be confused with"hallucinated pain.
   References
   Canavero, S., Bonicalzi, V. (2007). Central pain syndrome. Pathophysiology, diagnosis and management. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • Hyperpathia — is a clinical symptom of certain neurological disorders wherein the patient experiences a greatly exaggerated pain sensation to nociceptive stimuli. This can be contrasted from allodynia in which the patient feels painful sensations from stimuli… …   Wikipedia

  • hyperpathia — Exaggerated subjective response to painful stimuli, with a continuing sensation of pain after the stimulation has ceased. [hyper + G. pathos, suffering] * * * hy·per·path·ia path ē ə n 1) disagreeable or painful sensation in response to a… …   Medical dictionary

  • hyperpathia — noun An abnormally exaggerated response to a painful stimulus …   Wiktionary

  • hyperpathia — hy·per·path·ia …   English syllables

  • hyperpathia — …   Useful english dictionary

  • гиперпатия — (hyperpathia; гипер + греч. pathos чувство, переживание, страдание) извращение чувствительности, характеризующееся повышением порога восприятия, отсутствием точной локализации ощущений, имеющих неприятный характер, наклонностью к иррадиации,… …   Большой медицинский словарь

  • Гиперпатия — I Гиперпатия (hyperpathia; греч. hyper + pathos впечатление, переживание, страдание) извращение чувствительности, характеризующееся повышением порога восприятия при нанесении раздражения, отсутствием точной локализации ощущений, имеющих… …   Медицинская энциклопедия

  • causalgia —    The term causalgia comes from the Greek words kaiein (to heat, to set on fire) and algos (pain). It was introduced in 1867 by the American neurologist Silas Weir Mitchell (1829 1914) to denote a specific painful condition following injury to… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Nociception — (synonym: nocioception or nociperception) is defined as the neural processes of encoding and processing noxious stimuli. [1] It is the afferent activity produced in the peripheral and central nervous system by stimuli that have the potential to… …   Wikipedia

  • Pain — This article is about physical pain. For pain in the broader sense, see Suffering. For other uses, see Pain (disambiguation). Pain A sports player in pain. ICD 10 R52 …   Wikipedia

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