illusionism
   A term introduced in or shortly before 1895 by the Austrian art historian Franz Wickhoff (18531909), a member of the Vienna School of Art History, to denote the use of pictorial techniques such as perspective and foreshortening with the aim of achieving a high degree of mimesis (i.e. imitation of the external world), and to thus fool the onlooker into believing that what is painted is real. A striking example of illusionist painting is the Panorama Mesdag, a huge cylindrical painting by the Dutch painter Hendrik Willem Mes-dag (1831-1915). The painting is set in a fake foreground consisting of sand and set props, and depicts the fisherman's village of Scheveningen, the sea, and the adjacent dunes. The termillusion-ism is also used to denote any doctrine that treats the material world as an "illusion of the senses. For an account of illusionism in the latter sense, see the entry Grand illusion argument. A third sense in which the term illusionism is used is to denote a set of tricks and techniques employed by stage magicians to suggest the performance of a miracle.
   References
   Ninio, J. (2001). The science ofillusions.Trans-lated by Philip, F. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
   Noë, A., ed. (2002). Is the visual world a grand illusion? Thorverton: Imprint Academic.
   Von Hartel, W., Wickhoff, F., eds. (1895). Die Wiener Genesis. Beilage zum xv. undxvi. Bande des Jahrbuches der kunsthistorischen Sammlungen des allerhöchsten Kaiserhauses. Wien: F. Temsky

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • illusionism — [i lo͞o′zhəniz΄əm] n. the use of illusions in art illusionistic adj …   English World dictionary

  • illusionism — noun Date: 1911 the use of artistic techniques (as perspective or shading) to create the illusion of reality especially in a work of art …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • illusionism — illusionistic, adj. /i looh zheuh niz euhm/, n. 1. a technique of using pictorial methods in order to deceive the eye. Cf. trompe l oeil. 2. Philos. a theory or doctrine that the material world is an illusion. [1835 45; ILLUSION + ISM] * * * …   Universalium

  • illusionism — noun a) The performance of magical tricks. b) The theory of dealing with illusions …   Wiktionary

  • illusionism — belief that the external world is philosophy Philosophical Isms …   Phrontistery dictionary

  • illusionism — il lu·sion·ism || ɪ luːʒənɪzm n. belief that the physical world is a product of the imagination (Philosophy); artistic technique which uses illusionary effects (Art) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Illusionism — a philosophy that holds that there is no material world but rather a collection of illusions formed by human consciousness that results in an environment for all humans to live in …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • illusionism — noun the use of perspective in art to give an appearance of three dimensionality. Derivatives illusionistic adjective …   English new terms dictionary

  • illusionism — il·lu·sion·ism …   English syllables

  • illusionism — il•lu•sion•ism [[t]ɪˈlu ʒəˌnɪz əm[/t]] n. fia a technique of using pictorial methods in order to deceive the eye Compare trompe l oeil • Etymology: 1835–45 il•lu sion•is′tic, adj …   From formal English to slang

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