internal auditory hallucination
   A term used to denote an auditory hallucination experienced as originating in one's head. Phe-nomenologically, internal auditory hallucinations can be likened to the sound one experiences while using a set of well-balanced headphones. Their perceptual nature distinguishes internal auditory hallucinations from cognitive phenomena such as obsessional thoughts, thought insertion, and auditory imagery. The term internal auditory hallucination is used in opposition to the term " external auditory hallucination. The notion of the differential significance of internal versus external auditory hallucinations for the severity of the pathology, suggested by no less an authority than the German psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), has now been discarded. The British psychiatrists David Copolov et al. suggest that the clarity and distinctness of auditory hallucinations have a greater impact on the 'realness' of voices than their subjective localization inside or outside the head. However, it is not unthinkable that the two types of auditory hallucination differ somewhat with regard to their neurophysiological correlates. A phe-nomenological study by the American psychiatrists Ralph Hoffman et al. found that even individuals who experience internal auditory hallucinations generally identify a specific spatial location within the head, especially near or behind an ear. This finding would seem to imply the involvement of the neural apparatus dedicated to the localization of sounds in space even in cases of so-called internal voices.
   References
   Blom, J.D., Sommer, I.E.C. (2009). Auditory hallucinations. Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology (in press).
   Copolov, D., Trauer, T., Mackinnon, A. (2004). On the non-significance of internal versus external auditory hallucinations. Schizophrenia Research, 69, 1-6.
   Hoffman, R.E., Varanko, M., Gilmore, J., Mishara, A.L. (2008). Experiential features used by patients with schizophrenia to differentiate 'voices' from ordinary verbal thought. Psychological Medicine, 38, 1167-1176.
   Jaspers, K. (1997). General psychopathology. Volume 1. Translated by Hoenig, J., Hamilton, M.W. Baltimore, MA: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • auditory hallucination —    Also known as acoustic hallucination, aural hallucination, and hallucination of hearing. Auditory hallucinations are the most prevalent type of hallucinations in adults with or without a history of psychiatric illness. It is estimated that the …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • external auditory hallucination —    A term used to denote an auditory hallucination, the apparent source of which is located in extracorporeal space. The term external auditory hallucination is used in opposition to the term internal auditory hallucination. Both forms have been… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • verbal auditory hallucination — (VAH)    Also known as auditory verbal hallucination, voice hallucination, phoneme, hallucinated speech, and voices . All five terms are used to denote a subclass of the group of *auditory hallucinations, the content of which is verbal in nature …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Hallucination — For other uses, see Hallucination (disambiguation). Hallucination Classification and external resources My eyes at the moment of the apparitions by August Natterer …   Wikipedia

  • hallucination — hallucinational, hallucinative /heuh looh seuh nay tiv, neuh tiv/, adj. /heuh looh seuh nay sheuhn/, n. 1. a sensory experience of something that does not exist outside the mind, caused by various physical and mental disorders, or by reaction to… …   Universalium

  • incomplete hallucination —    The term incomplete hallucination is used to denote a hallucination that lacks one or more of the formal characteristics of the full blown perceptual phenomenon. For example, the term is used to denote a visual hallucination that lacks the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Schizophrenia — MeshName = Schizophrenia MeshNumber = F03.700.750 Schizophrenia (pron en|ˌskɪtsəˈfriːniə), from the Greek roots schizein (σχίζειν, to split ) and phrēn , phren (φρήν, φρεν , mind ) is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder… …   Wikipedia

  • Neuropsychiatry — is the branch of medicine dealing with mental disorders attributable to diseases of the nervous system. It preceded the current disciplines of psychiatry and neurology, in as much as psychiatrists and neurologists had a common training.[1]… …   Wikipedia

  • Coma — For other uses, see Coma (disambiguation). Coma ICD 10 R40.2 ICD 9 780.01 In medicine, a coma (from the Greek κῶμα koma, meaning deep slee …   Wikipedia

  • Syncope (medicine) — ICD 10 R55 ICD 9 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”