out-of-body experience

out-of-body experience
   Also known as out-of-the-body experience. In biomedicine, both terms are used to denote atypeof" autoscopic phenomenon that may occur either during sleep or wakefulness, involving a sensation of being outside and above one's physical body (referred to as disembodiment). The experience is typically accompanied by " autoscopy, which in OBE involves the visual perception of one's physical body from a place outside of one's actual body. Contrary to auto-scopic doubles perceived in "heautoscopy, which tend to appear diaphanous, the physical body perceived in OBE tends to appear as solid and to cast a shadow. When instances of OBE and heautoscopy are experienced in rapid alternation, they are referred to as " double consciousness. It has been claimed that the lifetime prevalence of OBE may lie around 10%. OBE may be accompanied by other hallucinations or "illusions, such as "auditory hallucinations and "body pho-tism. Pathophysiologically, OBE is associated primarily with aberrant neurophysiological activity at the temporo-parieto-occipital junction. It has been claimed by the group headed by the American-Canadian neuropsychologist Michael A. Persinger (b. 1945) that OBE can be evoked experimentally with the aid of a " Koren helmet. In parapsychology, OBE tends to be attributed to true exteriorization of the self, the soul, or any other 'ethereal' part of the body. An example of such exteriorization is astral projection, a condition in which the so-called astral body is thought to part from the physical body, and to undertake a tour of the physical plane, thus allowing for the proper physical distance to render autoscopy possible. According to the American parapsychologist Raymond A. Moody, Jr. (b. 1944), OBE is also a common characteristic of "near-death experiences (NDEs). Synonyms for OBE found in the parapsychological literature include astral projection, ecsomatic experience, 'ecstasy with looking back at oneself', exterior-ization of sensibility, excursion of the ego, hallucination of physical duality, pseudoheautoscopy, syndrome of floating experience, and visuovestibular splitting of the somatosensory body image.
   Blanke, O., Landis, T., Spinelli, L., Seeck, M. (2004). Out-of-body experience and autoscopy ofneurological origin. Brain, 127, 243-258. Brugger, P., Regard, M., Landis, Th. (1997). Illusory reduplication of one's own body: Phenomenology and classification of auto-scopic phenomena. Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, 2, 19-38.
   Moody, R.A. (1975). Life after life. New York, NY: Bantam Books.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Out of Body Experience — Studioalbum von Degradead Veröffentlichung 2009 Label Dockyard 1 Format …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • out-of-body experience — ► NOUN ▪ a sensation of being outside one s body, typically of observing oneself from a distance …   English terms dictionary

  • Out-of-body experience — Artist s depiction of the separation stage of an out of body experience, which often precedes free movement. An out of body experience (OBE or sometimes OOBE) is an experience that typically involves a sensation of floating outside of one s body… …   Wikipedia

  • Out-of-Body-Experience — Voyage astral Représentation imagée d une projection de conscience (voyage astral). L expression voyage astral désigne l impression que l esprit d une personne se dissocie de son corps physique, vivrait une existence autonome et pourrait explorer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • out-of-body experience — noun the dissociative experience of observing yourself from an external perspective as though your mind or soul had left and was observing your body • Hypernyms: ↑experience * * * noun, pl ⋯ ences [count] : an experience in which you have a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • out-of-body experience — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms out of body experience : singular out of body experience plural out of body experiences a situation in which someone feels as if they are outside their own body and can watch what is happening to it …   English dictionary

  • out-of-body experience — out of body ex perience n the feeling that you are outside your body and looking down on it from above, which people sometimes have when they are close to death …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • out-of-body experience — out of body ex perience noun count a situation in which someone feels as if they are outside their own body and can watch what is happening to it …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • out-of-body experience — /ˌaʊt əv bɒdi əksˈpɪəriəns/ (say .owt uhv bodee uhks pearreeuhns) noun an experience, which some people have reported having, of leaving one s body while able to observe all attendant circumstances, and in some cases, to travel to other places… …   Australian English dictionary

  • out-of-body experience — noun An experience where one feels outside of one’s body …   Wiktionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.