Also known as paraosmia and dysosmia. The term parosmia comes from the Greek words para (beside, near, resembling, accessory to, beyond, apart from, abnormal) and osmè (smell, stink, fragrant, odour, scent, perfume). It translates loosely as a 'false smell'. The term parosmia is used to denote an erroneous olfactory response to an existing odour, i.e. an * illusion in the olfactory modality. When odours arise in the absence ofan external olfactory stimulus, they are referred to as *phantosmia or * olfactory hallucination. Paros-mia tends to present in the form of a foul odour such as that of burning flesh, faeces, garlic, rotting fish, rotting eggs, vomit, garbage, or 'neglected laundry'. Such foul odours are also referred to as cacosmia. Parosmia may be attributable to peripheral as well as central conditions. Peripheral causes of parosmia include rhinitis, sinusitis, and other upper respiratory tract diseases, as well as chronic cocaine abuse. Central conditions include lesions or processes affecting the olfactory system, *migraine aura, and temporal lobe epilepsy. Parosmia is classified as an * olfactory illusion (i.e. a smell illusion) or as a chemosensory disorder.
   Ackerman, B.H., Kasbekar, N. (1997). Disturbances of taste and smell induced by drugs. Pharmacotherapy, 17, 482-496.
   Mauguière, F. (1999). Scope and presumed mechanisms of hallucinations in partial epileptic seizures. Epileptic Disorders, 1, 81-91.
   Schiffman, S.S., Gatlin, C.A. (1993). Clinical physiology of taste and smell. Annual Review of Nutrition, 13, 405-436.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • parosmia — f. otorrin. Alteración del sentido del olfato que provoca una falsa percepción de sensaciones olorosas. Medical Dictionary. 2011. parosmia …   Diccionario médico

  • parosmia — s. f. Perversão do olfato …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Parosmia — SignSymptom infobox Name = Parosmia ICD10 = ICD10|R|43|1|r|40 ICD9 = ICD9|781.1 Parosmia is a distorted sense of olfaction, often resulting in phantom, non existent, and mostly unpleasant, smells.Parosmia is a disorder of sense of smell when an… …   Wikipedia

  • parosmia — /peuh roz mee euh/, n. Pathol. a disorder of the sense of smell, esp. the perception of odors that are not present. [1815 25; PAR + Gk osm(é) smell + IA] * * * …   Universalium

  • parosmia — noun A distorted sense of smell, often resulting in phantom, non existent, and mostly unpleasant, smells …   Wiktionary

  • parosmia — SYN: dysosmia. [para + G. osme, sense of smell] * * * par·os·mia .par äz mē ə n a distortion of the sense of smell (as when affected with a cold) * * * n. any disorder of the sense of smell. * * * par·os·mia (par ozґme ə) [para + osm 1 + ia] …   Medical dictionary

  • parosmia — pa·ro·smì·a s.f. TS neurol. alterazione del senso dell olfatto consistente nella percezione errata o immaginaria di un determinato odore {{line}} {{/line}} DATA: 1835. ETIMO: der. di osmia con 1para …   Dizionario italiano

  • parosmia — pl.f. parosmie …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

  • parosmia — n. any disorder of the sense of smell …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • parosmia — A disorder which causes one to smell things that are not real …   Grandiloquent dictionary

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