- The term physiological hallucination is used to denote a hallucination occurring in the absence of any other psychopathology, and in the presence of preserved insight. It was used in 1845 by the French alienist Alexandre Jacques François Brierre de Boismont (1797-1881) to denote a hallucination which is compatible with reason, and which can sometimes be evoked at will. As Brierre de Boismont wrote, "Physiological hallucination is constantly in touch with the dominant thought, the mother idea, the ideal; it is an echo, an adjunct, a stimulant which decides the success. Whatever its duration, it has the same force at the start as at the end and it does not trouble the reason." Brierre de Boismont's notion of physiological hallucination includes the *ecstatic vision. As he wrote, "It is certain that the most celebrated men have been liable to hallucinations, without their conduct offering any signs of mental alienation." Brierre de Boismont used Joan of Arc as an example, asserting that "the voices, the visions, the sensations of touch and smell of Jeanne d'Arc were true hallucinations, in essence identical with those of the insane." A few years later the French physician A. Piroux (1803?-1884?) formulated a rather similar definition, asserting that "a physiological hallucination is one that is entirely independent of any morbid state whatsoever." Both men used the term physiological hallucination in opposition to the term *pathological hallucination. As Brierre de Boismont stated, "However much the mind may be concerned in the production of hallucinations, they cannot all be referred to this source; there are others which are produced by disease, by certain substances introduced into the body, &c. The phenomena remain essentially the same, but the cause of them is different. For this reason we have divided hallucinations into two classes - those depending on moral causes, and those depending on physical causes."ReferencesBrierre de Boismont, A. (1859). On hallucinations. A history and explanation of apparitions, visions dreams ecstasy magnetism and somnambulism. Translated by Hulme, R.T. London: Henry Renshaw.Leudar, I., Thomas, P. (2000). Voices ofreason, voices ofinsanity. Studies ofverbal hallucinations. London: Routledge.Piroux, A. (1861). Fragments d'études sur les hallucinations. Thèse Université de Montpellier.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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hallucination — hallucinational, hallucinative /heuh looh seuh nay tiv, neuh tiv/, adj. /heuh looh seuh nay sheuhn/, n. 1. a sensory experience of something that does not exist outside the mind, caused by various physical and mental disorders, or by reaction to… … Universalium
coenesthetic hallucination — Also written as cenesthetic hallucination. Both terms translate loosely to hallucination of auto somatic awareness . They are used to denote a * somatic hallucination consisting of a peculiar visceral or other bodily sensation that cannot be… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
peduncular hallucination — Also known as peduncular hallucinosis, pedunculopontine hallucinosis, Lhermitte s hallucinosis, Lhermitte syndrome, *brainstem hallucination, and mesencephalic hallucinosis. The eponyms Lhermitte s hallucinosis and Lhermitte syndrome refer to… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
verbal auditory hallucination — (VAH) Also known as auditory verbal hallucination, voice hallucination, phoneme, hallucinated speech, and voices . All five terms are used to denote a subclass of the group of *auditory hallucinations, the content of which is verbal in nature … Dictionary of Hallucinations
ganglionic hallucination — The term ganglionic hallucination is indebted to the Greek noun gagglion (i.e. ganglion), which refers to a collection of nerve cells acting as a centre of neurotransmission. It was introduced by the 19th century French dream researcher… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
genuine hallucination — Also referred to as true hallucination, veridical hallucination, and hallucination proper. The term genuine hallucination is indebted to the Latin adjective genuinus, which means innate. All four terms are used to denote a * sensory deception… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
hyperaroused hallucination — The term hyperaroused hallucination is indebted to the Greek words huper (to exceed a certain boundary) and arousal (state of alertness and readiness for action). It was probably introduced in 1969 by the American psychophar macologist Roland… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
hypoaroused hallucination — The term hypoaroused hallucination is indebted the Greek prefix hupo (below, beneath) and arousal (state of alertness and readiness for action). It was probably introduced in 1969 by the American psychopharmacologist Roland Fischer to denote a … Dictionary of Hallucinations
false hallucination — A term used to denote a*sensory deception that does not fulfil all the formal criteria of a hallucination proper (such as a *daydream, a * hypnagogic hallucination or a *physiological illusion). The term false hallucination was used by the… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
pathological hallucination — The term hallucination pathologique was used by the French alienist Alexandre Jacques François Brierre de Boismont (1797 1881) to denote a hallucination associated with a troubled reason . As he wrote, Pathological hallucination... has its… … Dictionary of Hallucinations