veridical hallucination

   The term veridical hallucination is indebted to the Latin adjective veridicus, which means truthful or speaking the truth. It has two broad sets of connotations. In the first place, it is used as a synonym for the terms *true hallucination, * genuine hallucination, and * hallucination proper. In this reading, all four terms are used in opposition to expressions such as * false hallucination, quasi-hallucination, and * pseudohallucination. In this mundane sense, the term veridical hallucination expresses the recognition that the hallucination in question is genuine, and not a * dream or a product of fantasy. Second, the term veridical hallucination is used in parapsychology to denote a class of * telepathic hallucinations. The German hallucinations researcher Edmund Parish (1861-1916) divided the class of telepathic hallucinations into veridical hallucinations and *coincidental hallucinations. While coincidental hallucinations are assumed to merely coincide with actual events in the external world, veridical hallucinations are thought to also reflect the content of such events. Or, in the words of the British physicist and founder of the Society for Psychical Research, William Fletcher Barrett (1844-1925), "Some hallucinations correspond with an appropriate real event occurring to another person; some accident, illness, emotion or death happening at that time to a distant friend. Such hallucinations are termed veridical or truth-telling; their study is a branch of Psychology, and is an important part of psychical research. There may be no more substantiality about such visual hallucinations than there is about the reflection of oneself in a looking-glass. The image in the mirror is veridical and caused by a neighbouring objective reality; in like manner, is a mental image coinciding with some distant unseen real occurrence; but the mental image is not derived through the organ of sense, as is the reflection seen in the mirror." As used in the parapsychological tradition, the term veridical hallucination commonly appears in opposition to *falsidical hallucination. The guiding principle behind this latter classification (veridical-falsidical) is the alleged relationship with actual events in the external world. In spite of the use of the adjective veridical, in the view of some authors the term veridical hallucination still has a certain connotation of subjectivity or morbidity connected with the word hallucination. In an attempt to do away with that connotation, it has been proposed to replace the term veridical hallucination by the term * monition.
   Barrett, W.F. (1911). Psychical research.New York, NY: H. Holt.
   Michéa, C.-F. (1871). Du délire des sensations. Paris: Labé.
   Myers, F.W.H. (1903). Human personality and its survival of bodily death. Volume I. London: Longmans, Green, and Co.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • veridical hallucination — noun : a hallucination corresponding to a real event (as when the apparition of an image of an absent person is coincident with his death) * * * veridical hallucination, a hallucination coincident with, corresponding to, or representing real… …   Useful english dictionary

  • veridical apparition —    The term veridical apparition is indebted to the Latin adjective veridicus, which means truthful or speaking the truth. It is used in the paranormal literature to denote an * apparition whose presence can allegedly be corroborated empirically …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • coincidental hallucination —    The term coincidental hallucination is indebted to the Latin noun coincidentia, which means simultaneous occurrence. It used to denote a type of hallucination that is believed to coincide in a meaningful way with an actual event taking place… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • true hallucination —    The term true hallucination has a variety of meanings and connotations. First, it is used to remove any possible doubt concerning the status of a given percept as a hallucination. In this context, the term is used by the French psychiatrist… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • psychotic-like hallucination —    The term psychotic like hallucination is indebted to the medical Latin term * psychosis, which in turn stems from the Greek noun psuchosis (the giving of life, the process of animating). It is used more or less interchangeably with terms such… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • quasi-hallucination —    A term that tends to be used quite loosely to denote a percept that is reminiscent of a * hallucination proper, but lacks one or more of the latter s formal characteristics. The term quasi hallucination is often used interchangeably with terms …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • genuine hallucination —    Also referred to as true hallucination, veridical hallucination, and hallucination proper. The term genuine hallucination is indebted to the Latin adjective genuinus, which means innate. All four terms are used to denote a * sensory deception… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • falsidical hallucination —    A term used in parapsychology to denote a hallucination that has no bearing on actual events in the external world. The term falsidical hallucination is used in opposition to the term *veridical hallucination. The latter term has various… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • telepathic hallucination —    The term telepathic hallucination is indebted to the term telepathy, which in turn stems from the Greek words tèle (far, distant), and pathe (occurrence or feeling). The term telepathy was introduced in or shortly before 1882 by the British… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • epidemic hallucination —    Also known as popular hallucination and mass hallucinosis. All three terms are used to denote a hallucination shared by a relatively large number of people, who typically believe the content of the hallucination in question to be veridical or… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

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