- Also known as coloured hearing, coloured hearing synaesthesia, sound-colour synaesthesia, opsiphonia, colour audition, and audition colorée. All these terms are used interchangeably to denote the most common variant of * synaesthesia, consisting of a *chromatism (i.e. a hallucinated colour, or coloured light) arising simultaneously with, or in succession to, a regularly perceived sound. The Hungarian-Dutch experimental psychologist Géza Révész (1878-1955) defines colour hearing as follows. "By colour hearing we understand the fixed permanent association of acoustic sensations with optical images. In persons with pronounced colour hearing, certain tonal stimuli always create involuntarily, regularly, and constantly the same colour sensation (so-called chromatisms or pho-tisms). These chromatisms or photisms can be divided into three classes, according to type: perceptual, as though the colours were actually seen; conceptual, when the colour is envisaged as an ideated sensation; and mental, when the colour comes to mind, when only its name is suggested to the conscious mind." In 1786, the physicist and mathematician Johann Leonhard Hoffman published a matching list of musical instruments and colours. Whether this list was based on actual colour hearing is unknown, but it has been referred to as the earliest known historical example of this type of synaesthesia. The oldest known written report on synaesthesia, by the Austrian philologist F.A. Nussbaumer, published in 1873, involved a case ofcolour hearing, or, more specifically * coloured music. It has been known since thelate19th century that the relation between colours and sounds tends to be systematic in individual cases of synaesthesia, but no interindivid-ual - let alone universal - relation was ever established. In general, deeper tones tend to be associated with darker colours, and higher tones with brighter ones, but this relation itself tends to vary from person to person. Moreover, some people seem to respond to timbre, others to vowels or specific musical tones. The Revue de l'Hypnotisme of December 1892 includes a case report on the transformation of audition colorée into gustation colorée (i.e. *coloured taste) in a person whose somatic condition was deteriorating at the time.ReferencesCytowic, R.E. (2002). Synesthesia. A union of the senses. Second edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Parish, E. (1897). Hallucinations and illusions. A study ofthe fallacies ofperception. London: Walter Scott.Révész, G. (2001). Introduction to the psychology ofmusic. Translated by de Courcy, G.I.C. Mineola, NY: Dover Publications.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
colour hearing — noun The association of colours with sounds heard • • • Main Entry: ↑colour … Useful english dictionary
colour audition — see colour hearing … Dictionary of Hallucinations
coloured hearing — see colour hearing … Dictionary of Hallucinations
coloured hearing synaesthesia — see colour hearing … Dictionary of Hallucinations
sound-colour synaesthesia — see colour hearing … Dictionary of Hallucinations
City and Colour — Dallas Green performing live in Berlin, Germany on April 1, 2008. Background information Origin St. Catharines, Ontario, Can … Wikipedia
Ocean Colour Scene — in Leeds, 2005 Background information Origin Moseley, Birmingham, England … Wikipedia
Merle (coat colour in dogs) — Merle is a color combination in dogs’ coats. It is a solid base color (usually red/brown or black) with lighter blue/gray or reddish patches, which gives a mottled or uneven speckled effect. Although most breeds that can have merle coats also… … Wikipedia
illusion — illusioned, adj. /i looh zheuhn/, n. 1. something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality. 2. the state or condition of being deceived; misapprehension. 3. an instance of being deceived. 4. Psychol. a perception, as … Universalium
synaesthesia — Also known as synesthesia, synaesthetic hallucination, synaesthetic experience, reflex false perception, secondary sensation, and secondary sense perceptions (German: sekundären Sinnesempfindungen). The term synaesthesia comes from the Greek… … Dictionary of Hallucinations