- A term used to denote a complex visual or panoramic hallucination reported by desert dwellers and travellers, which typically occurs during the night, and which may consist ofscenes depicting caravans, rows of soldiers, trees, oases, etc. Desert hallucinations can also affect the *auditory modality. Reportedly, they tend to have a high degree of * xenopathy. They are attributed to the hardships of life in the desert, more specifically fatigue, undernourishment, thirst, and the monotonous character of sense impressions. Desert hallucinations may be related in a phe-nomenological and pathophysiological sense to *hypnagogic and * hypnopompic hallucinations. They should not be confused with the * desert mirage, the * fata morgana or other types of *mirage.ReferencesEmminghaus, H. (1878). Allgemeine Psychopathologie, zur Einführung in das Studium der Geistesstörungen. Leipzig: Verlag von F.C.W. Vogel.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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hypnagogic hallucination — Also known as hypnagogic imagery, hypnagogic reverie, hypnagogic illusion, hypnagogic visualization, presomnal sensation, predormital hallucination, anthypnic sensation, oneirogagic image, phantasma, vision of half sleep, and faces in the dark … Dictionary of Hallucinations
hypnopompic hallucination — The term hypnopompic hallucination is indebted to the Greek words hupnos (sleep) and pem pein (to accompany, to send away). It translates roughly as a hallucination that accompanies the individual when leaving the sleeping state . The term was … Dictionary of Hallucinations
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mirage — The term mirage comes from the French verb se mirer, which means to reflect or to be reflected. It is unknown who introduced the term. It appears in the title of a paper by the French physicist Gaspard Monge, Comte de Péluse (17461818), who… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
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