- illusional emotion
- A term introduced in or shortly before 1959 by the Canadian neuroscientists Wilder Graves Penfield (1891-1976) and Sean Francis Mullan (b. 1925) to denote a feeling of fear, loneliness, sorrow, or disgust, occurring in the context of a " psychical state, and described by the affected individuals as "independent of themselves", i.e. unrelated to their conscious thoughts and feelings. Penfield and Mullan classify illusional emotions as " psychical illusions, which are themselves classified as "psychical states (i.e. "aurae occurring in the wake of an epileptic seizure or during a cortical probing experiment). In this specific context the term illusional emotion is used in opposition to the terms "auditory illusion, "visual illusion, "illusion of recognition, and a nameless remaining group containing relatively rare phenomena such as illusions of increased awareness, illusions of alteration in the speed of movement, and visuo-vestibular disturbances. For at least two reasons, it is debatable whether illusional emotions merit classification as "illusions. In the first place, illusional emotions are emotional as opposed to perceptual phenomena. Moreover the very concept of an illusional emotion would appear to be in contradiction with the philosophical argument that a subjective experience such as an emotion cannot be imagined or 'unreal'. In philosophy this is known as the self-intimating aspect of emotions. As a consequence, Penfield and Mullan's notion of illusional emotion can perhaps be best described as a true emotion evoked in the extraordinary context of an aura, and therefore not directly related to the life of the affected individual outside this context.ReferencesKripke, S. (1980). Naming and necessity.Cam-bridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Mullan, S., Penfield, W. (1959). Illusion of comparative interpretation and emotion. Archives ofNeurology and Psychiatry, 81, 269-284.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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auditory illusion — The term auditory illusion is used in a general sense to denote a misrepresentation or misinterpretation of auditory stimuli. Some common examples are words that are misunderstood, figments, and nonverbal sounds such as the humming of a… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
illusion of recognition — A term introduced in or shortly before 1959 by the Canadian neuroscientists Wilder Graves Pen field (1891 1976) and Sean Francis Mullan (b. 1925) to denote an illusory perception of one s present environment or state in which things seem… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
visual illusion — Also known as optical illusion. Both terms are commonly used to denote a visual percept that has its basis in a stimulus derivative of the extra corporeal environment (also referred to as a point de repère) which is either misperceived or… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
illusion — illusioned, adj. /i looh zheuhn/, n. 1. something that deceives by producing a false or misleading impression of reality. 2. the state or condition of being deceived; misapprehension. 3. an instance of being deceived. 4. Psychol. a perception, as … Universalium
psychical illusion — Also known as illusion of comparative interpretation and interpretive illusion. The term psychical illusion is indebted to the Greek noun psuchè (life breath, spirit, soul, mind). It was introduced in or shortly before 1954 by the Canadian… … Dictionary of Hallucinations